National Emblem of Bangladesh


The National Emblem of Bangladesh, known as “Bangladesher Jatiyô Pratik” in Bengali, is a powerful symbol representing the nation’s unity, values, and identity. Adopted in 1971, shortly after Bangladesh gained its independence, the emblem is used by the Government of Bangladesh and its agencies, appearing on official documents and the national currency.

The Emblem’s Design and Symbolism

The National Emblem of Bangladesh consists of several elements, each of which carries a deep and meaningful symbolism. The central figure is a water lily, the country’s national flower. This aquatic flower is surrounded on both sides by rice sheaves, which represent Bangladesh’s agricultural heritage and the staple food of its people. Above the water lily, there are four stars and three interconnected jute leaves.

The water lily, or Shapla (Nymphaea nouchali), is not only the national flower but also a representation of the numerous rivers that flow across Bangladesh, as it often grows in the river waters. The presence of the water lily signifies the country’s rich aquatic resources and symbolizes the resilience and adaptability of its people.

Rice, as the primary staple food for Bangladeshis, represents the nation’s agricultural sector and the importance of farming in the country’s economy. The rice sheaves on the emblem symbolize the hard work, dedication, and prosperity of the people, who have been relying on agriculture for centuries.

The interconnected jute leaves represent the jute industry, which has been a significant source of income and export for Bangladesh since its inception. Jute, also known as the “golden fiber,” is a versatile and eco-friendly material used in various industries, such as textiles, packaging, and construction. The inclusion of jute leaves in the emblem signifies the importance of this industry in the country’s economic development.

Lastly, the four stars symbolize the four founding principles of the Republic of Bangladesh, as enshrined in its Constitution: nationalism, socialism, democracy, and secularism. These principles form the basis of the country’s governance and social values, promoting unity, equality, and progress.

Inscription in the Constitution

The details of the National Emblem of Bangladesh are inscribed in the Constitution of the country, ensuring its preservation and prominence as a national symbol. Article 4(3) of the Constitution states:

“The national emblem of the Republic is the national flower Shapla (Nymphaea nouchali) resting on water, having on each side an ear of paddy and being surmounted by three connected leaves of jute with two stars on each side of the leaves.”


The National Emblem of Bangladesh is a profound representation of the country’s identity, values, and aspirations. Its design and symbolism reflect the rich culture, history, and natural resources of Bangladesh, while also acknowledging the importance of agriculture, industry, and the nation’s founding principles. As such, the emblem serves as a reminder of the unity, resilience, and progress that define the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Image Source: Coat of Arms, Public domain, Wikimedia Commons

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