Coat of Arms of Colombia

The national coat of arms of Colombia is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and identity. It features a shield divided into three sections, each representing a different aspect of Colombia’s history and culture. The shield is surrounded by a laurel wreath, which symbolizes victory and honor, and is topped by a condor, the national bird of Colombia.

The first section of the shield depicts a golden pomegranate on a blue background. This represents the Spanish conquest of Colombia and the subsequent colonization of the country. The pomegranate was a symbol of Granada, the last Muslim kingdom in Spain to fall to the Catholic monarchs, and was adopted by the conquistadors as a symbol of their victory over the indigenous peoples of Colombia.

The second section of the shield shows a golden cornucopia on a red background. This represents the abundance of natural resources in Colombia, particularly its agricultural wealth. The cornucopia, or horn of plenty, is a symbol of prosperity and abundance, and is often associated with the goddess of agriculture, Ceres.

The third section of the shield features a silver ship on a blue background. This represents Colombia’s history as a maritime nation, and its importance as a gateway between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The ship is a symbol of trade and commerce, and represents Colombia’s role as a hub of international trade.

The colors of the Colombian coat of arms are significant as well. The blue background represents the oceans that surround Colombia, while the red and yellow colors represent the blood and gold of the country’s indigenous peoples and Spanish conquerors. These colors are also found in the Colombian flag, which was adopted in 1861.

The history of the Colombian coat of arms dates back to the early days of the country’s independence. In 1819, the Congress of Angostura, which was convened to establish a new government for the newly independent nation, commissioned a coat of arms to represent Colombia. The design was created by Francisco de Paula Santander, a prominent military and political leader of the time.

The original design of the coat of arms featured a sun rising over a mountain, with the words “Freedom and Law” inscribed below. However, this design was later modified to include the three sections and the condor, which were added in 1834.

Since then, the coat of arms has undergone several minor modifications, but the basic design has remained the same. It has become an important symbol of Colombia’s national identity, and is used on official documents, currency, and other government materials.

In addition to its use as a national symbol, the Colombian coat of arms has also been incorporated into the logos of several Colombian companies and organizations. For example, the national airline, Avianca, features a stylized version of the condor from the coat of arms in its logo.

Overall, the Colombian coat of arms is a powerful symbol of the country’s history, culture, and identity. Its design reflects the diverse influences that have shaped Colombia over the centuries, and its colors and symbols are instantly recognizable to Colombians and people around the world.

Image Source: Coat of Arms, Public domain, Wikimedia Commons

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