The national coat of arms of the Czech Republic is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and identity. It features a two-tailed silver lion with a golden crown on a red background. The lion is holding a silver double-tailed banner with a red and white checkered pattern, which is known as the “Moravian eagle.” The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of oak and laurel leaves, which are tied together with a ribbon in the national colors of blue, white, and red.
The colors of the coat of arms have significant meaning. The red background represents courage and bravery, while the silver lion symbolizes strength and power. The golden crown represents the country’s monarchy, which ruled the Czech lands for centuries. The Moravian eagle on the banner represents the historical region of Moravia, which is located in the eastern part of the country. The checkered pattern on the banner is a traditional symbol of the region and has been used since the 13th century.
The history of the Czech coat of arms dates back to the 12th century when the first Bohemian king, Vladislaus II, adopted a coat of arms featuring a silver lion on a red background. Over the centuries, the coat of arms evolved and was modified by various rulers and governments. During the communist era, the coat of arms was changed to a simplified version without the crown and wreath. However, after the Velvet Revolution in 1989, the original coat of arms was restored as a symbol of the country’s renewed independence and democracy.
The current version of the coat of arms was adopted on January 1, 1993, when the Czech Republic became an independent state after the peaceful dissolution of Czechoslovakia. The coat of arms was designed by Jiří Louda, a renowned Czech heraldist and genealogist, who also designed the coats of arms for other countries and organizations.
The coat of arms is an important symbol of the Czech Republic and is used on official documents, government buildings, and national monuments. It is also featured on the country’s currency, postage stamps, and national sports teams. The coat of arms is a reminder of the country’s rich history and cultural heritage, as well as its modern identity as a democratic and prosperous nation.
In conclusion, the national coat of arms of the Czech Republic is a powerful symbol of the country’s sovereignty, identity, and history. It features a silver lion with a golden crown on a red background, holding a banner with the Moravian eagle. The coat of arms is surrounded by a wreath of oak and laurel leaves, tied together with a ribbon in the national colors of blue, white, and red. The coat of arms has significant meaning and is an important symbol of the country’s past, present, and future.