The national coat of arms of Denmark is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and identity. It is a complex design that features several elements, each with its own meaning and history. The coat of arms is used by the Danish government, military, and other official institutions, as well as by private citizens and organizations.
The design of the national coat of arms has evolved over time, reflecting changes in Danish history and culture. The current version was adopted in 1972, and it features a shield divided into three parts. The top part shows three blue lions on a golden background, representing the historical region of Denmark known as Jutland. The middle part shows a red field with a white cross, which is the flag of Denmark. The bottom part shows two blue lions on a golden background, representing the historical regions of Schleswig and Holstein.
The shield is supported by two wild men, or “savages,” who are holding clubs and wearing crowns of leaves. These figures are a traditional symbol of Denmark, and they represent the country’s strength and independence. Above the shield is a royal crown, which is a symbol of the Danish monarchy.
The colors used in the national coat of arms are significant as well. The golden background represents wealth and prosperity, while the blue lions represent strength and courage. The red and white colors of the flag of Denmark are also symbolic, with red representing courage and white representing purity.
The history of the national coat of arms dates back to the Middle Ages, when heraldry was used to identify knights and nobles. The first known coat of arms for Denmark was created in the 14th century, and it featured a red shield with three golden lions. This design was used by the Danish royal family for centuries, and it became a symbol of Danish identity.
Over time, the coat of arms was modified to reflect changes in Danish history and politics. In the 19th century, Denmark lost control of the regions of Schleswig and Holstein to Germany, and the coat of arms was modified to include the two blue lions to represent these regions. The current design was adopted in 1972, after a national competition was held to choose a new coat of arms.
The national coat of arms is an important symbol of Danish identity and history. It is used on official documents, coins, and other government materials, as well as on flags and banners. The design has evolved over time, but it continues to represent the strength, independence, and prosperity of Denmark.