The national coat of arms of Lesotho is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and identity. It features a shield divided into four parts, each representing a different aspect of Lesotho’s history and culture. The shield is supported by two Basotho horses, which are native to the country and have played an important role in its history.
The top left section of the shield features a crocodile, which represents the country’s rivers and water resources. Lesotho is known for its highlands and mountain ranges, which are the source of many of its rivers. The crocodile is also a symbol of strength and power, reflecting the resilience of the Basotho people.
The top right section of the shield features a Basotho hat, which is a traditional symbol of the country’s culture and identity. The hat is made from woven grass and is worn by both men and women. It is a symbol of the country’s independence and self-sufficiency.
The bottom left section of the shield features a spear and a knobkerrie, which are traditional weapons used by the Basotho people. The spear represents the country’s military strength and readiness to defend itself, while the knobkerrie represents the country’s cultural heritage and traditions.
The bottom right section of the shield features a sheaf of wheat and a maize cob, which represent the country’s agricultural resources. Lesotho is a predominantly rural country, and agriculture is a major part of its economy. The sheaf of wheat and maize cob are symbols of the country’s fertility and abundance.
The shield is surrounded by a ribbon with the country’s motto, “Khotso, Pula, Nala,” which means “Peace, Rain, Prosperity” in Sesotho, the country’s official language. The motto reflects the country’s aspirations for peace, prosperity, and good governance.
The colors of the coat of arms are also significant. The shield is divided into four colors: blue, representing the sky and water; white, representing peace and purity; green, representing the country’s natural resources; and red, representing the blood shed by the Basotho people in defense of their country.
The Basotho horses that support the shield are also significant. They are a breed of horse that is native to Lesotho and is known for its strength and endurance. The horses are a symbol of the country’s independence and resilience, as well as its connection to its natural environment.
The national coat of arms of Lesotho has a rich history and symbolism. It was adopted in 1966, when the country gained independence from Britain. The design was created by a South African artist named Frederick Brownell, who also designed the national flags of South Africa and Namibia.
The coat of arms has undergone some changes over the years. In 2006, the design was updated to include the Basotho horses, which were not part of the original design. The update was intended to better reflect the country’s cultural heritage and identity.
Overall, the national coat of arms of Lesotho is a powerful symbol of the country’s history, culture, and aspirations. It reflects the country’s natural resources, cultural heritage, and military strength, as well as its aspirations for peace, prosperity, and good governance. The coat of arms is a reminder of the country’s independence and resilience, and a source of pride for the Basotho people.