The national coat of arms of Mali is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and national identity. It features a red shield with a stylized bird, a rising sun, and a pair of crossed arrows. The shield is supported by two lions and topped with a crown.
The bird on the shield is a representation of the mythological animal of Mali, the “sogo bò” or “chicken of the waters.” It is a symbol of fertility and prosperity, and is often associated with the Niger River, which is a vital source of life for the people of Mali. The rising sun behind the bird represents hope and a new beginning, while the crossed arrows symbolize the country’s readiness to defend itself.
The lions on either side of the shield are a symbol of strength and courage, and represent the people of Mali. The crown on top of the shield is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and independence.
The colors used in the coat of arms are also significant. Red is a symbol of the blood shed by the people of Mali in their struggle for independence, while green represents the country’s fertile land and agriculture. Gold is a symbol of the country’s mineral wealth, particularly its gold reserves.
The history of the national coat of arms of Mali dates back to the country’s independence from France in 1960. The original coat of arms featured a shield with a mosque, a rising sun, and a plow. The mosque represented the country’s Islamic heritage, while the plow symbolized agriculture. The rising sun represented hope and a new beginning.
In 1973, the coat of arms was revised to its current design. The mosque and plow were replaced with the stylized bird and crossed arrows, and the lions and crown were added. The new design was intended to better reflect the country’s cultural and historical identity.
Overall, the national coat of arms of Mali is a powerful symbol of the country’s sovereignty, strength, and identity. Its design reflects the country’s rich cultural heritage, as well as its struggles for independence and prosperity. As such, it is an important symbol for the people of Mali, and a source of pride and inspiration for all who call the country home.