The Coat of Arms of Mauritania is a symbol of the country’s national identity and sovereignty. It was adopted on August 15, 1960, when Mauritania gained independence from France. The Coat of Arms features a golden star and crescent, which is a common symbol in Islamic countries. The star and crescent are placed on a green background, which represents the country’s agricultural wealth. The green color also symbolizes Islam, which is the dominant religion in Mauritania.
The Coat of Arms also features two golden spears, which represent the country’s military strength and readiness to defend its sovereignty. The spears are crossed over a shield, which is divided into four parts. The upper left part of the shield features a golden lion, which represents courage and strength. The upper right part of the shield features a golden palm tree, which represents the country’s natural resources. The lower left part of the shield features a golden crescent, which represents Islam. The lower right part of the shield features three golden stars, which represent the three regions of Mauritania: the Sahara, the Sahel, and the Senegal River Valley.
Above the shield is a golden crown, which represents the country’s sovereignty. The crown is supported by two golden gazelles, which represent the country’s wildlife. The gazelles are standing on a ribbon that reads “Honneur, Fraternité, Justice” (Honor, Fraternity, Justice), which is the country’s motto.
Overall, the Coat of Arms of Mauritania is a powerful symbol of the country’s national identity, sovereignty, and values. It reflects the country’s Islamic heritage, natural resources, military strength, and regional diversity.