The national coat of arms of Romania is a symbol of the country’s sovereignty and identity. It features a golden eagle with outstretched wings, holding a cross in its beak and a sword in its talons. The eagle is surrounded by a blue shield with three golden crowns on top, representing the historical regions of Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania. The shield is supported by a golden oak branch on the left and a golden olive branch on the right, symbolizing strength and peace, respectively. The coat of arms is completed by a red ribbon at the bottom, with the national motto “Dreptate și Frăție” (Justice and Brotherhood) inscribed in golden letters.
The colors used in the coat of arms have specific meanings. Gold represents wealth and prosperity, while blue symbolizes freedom and justice. Red is associated with courage and sacrifice, and green represents hope and renewal. The eagle is a powerful and majestic bird, often used as a symbol of strength and freedom. The cross and sword held by the eagle represent the country’s Christian heritage and its readiness to defend itself against any threat.
The history of the Romanian coat of arms dates back to the Middle Ages, when the rulers of Wallachia and Moldavia used various symbols to represent their authority. The eagle was first used as a symbol of the Wallachian ruler Vlad III Dracula, who was also known as Vlad the Impaler. The three crowns on the shield were added later, during the reign of Michael the Brave, who united the three historical regions of Wallachia, Moldavia, and Transylvania in the late 16th century.
The current design of the coat of arms was adopted in 1992, after the fall of communism in Romania. It replaced the previous coat of arms, which featured a communist emblem with a hammer and sickle, surrounded by wheat and oil branches. The new coat of arms was designed to reflect the country’s democratic values and its rich cultural heritage.
The coat of arms is an important symbol of national identity and pride for the Romanian people. It is displayed on official documents, government buildings, and military uniforms. It is also used in various cultural and sporting events, as well as on national holidays and celebrations.
In conclusion, the national coat of arms of Romania is a powerful symbol of the country’s history, culture, and values. It represents the strength, freedom, and unity of the Romanian people, as well as their commitment to justice and brotherhood. The coat of arms is a reminder of the country’s past struggles and achievements, and a source of inspiration for its future aspirations.