The flag of El Salvador is a tricolor flag consisting of three horizontal stripes of equal width. The top and bottom stripes are blue, while the middle stripe is white. In the center of the white stripe is the country’s coat of arms, which features a triangle with a volcano, flanked by two palm branches and surrounded by the words “Republica de El Salvador en la America Central” (Republic of El Salvador in Central America).
The blue stripes represent the two oceans that border El Salvador, the Pacific Ocean to the south and the Caribbean Sea to the east. The white stripe represents peace and unity. The coat of arms symbolizes the country’s natural resources, including the volcano and palm branches, as well as its independence and sovereignty.
The flag was adopted on May 17, 1912, and has remained unchanged since then. It is a symbol of national pride and identity for the people of El Salvador, and is flown at government buildings, schools, and other public places throughout the country.
The flag has also been used as a symbol of resistance and rebellion. During the Salvadoran Civil War (1980-1992), leftist guerrilla groups used the flag as a symbol of their struggle against the government and the military. Today, the flag is a reminder of the country’s history and the struggles of its people, as well as a symbol of hope for a better future.