The flag of Iraq is a tricolor flag consisting of three equal horizontal stripes. The top stripe is red, the middle stripe is white, and the bottom stripe is black. In the center of the white stripe is a green Arabic inscription that reads “Allahu Akbar,” which means “God is great” in English.
The flag was first adopted in 1921, when Iraq gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. At that time, the flag was a simple red, white, and black tricolor with no inscription. In 1959, the green Arabic script was added to the flag, and it has remained unchanged since then.
The colors of the flag have symbolic meaning. Red represents the bloodshed of Iraq’s martyrs, white represents peace, and black represents the oppression that Iraq has suffered under various regimes throughout its history. The green inscription represents Islam, which is the dominant religion in Iraq.
The flag has been a source of controversy in Iraq’s recent history. During the rule of Saddam Hussein, the flag was altered to include the words “Allahu Akbar” in Saddam’s own handwriting, and the colors were slightly altered. After the fall of Saddam’s regime, the flag was changed back to its original design.
Overall, the flag of Iraq is a symbol of the country’s history, culture, and religion. It represents the struggles and triumphs of the Iraqi people, and it serves as a reminder of the country’s rich heritage.