The flag of Portugal is a rectangular-shaped flag with a ratio of 2:3. It features a green and red background with a coat of arms in the center. The green color represents hope, while the red color symbolizes the blood of the Portuguese people. The coat of arms is composed of a shield with seven castles, which represent the seven Moorish fortresses that were conquered by the first king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques. The shield is surrounded by two branches, one of oak and the other of laurel, which represent the strength and victory of the Portuguese people.
The flag of Portugal has a long history, dating back to the 12th century when the first king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques, used a banner with a cross as his emblem. Over time, the flag evolved to include the coat of arms and the green and red colors. The current design was officially adopted on June 30, 1911, after the establishment of the Portuguese Republic.
The flag of Portugal is an important symbol of the country’s history and culture. It is flown on many occasions, including national holidays, sporting events, and military ceremonies. The flag is also used to represent Portuguese communities around the world, and it is often displayed in Portuguese embassies and consulates.
Overall, the flag of Portugal is a powerful symbol of the country’s rich history and cultural heritage. Its design and colors reflect the strength, hope, and victory of the Portuguese people, and it continues to be an important symbol of national pride and identity.